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The 56 Ethnic Groups 中国56民族简介英文版

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The People's Republic of China officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups, or Mínzú (民族), usually translated as nationalities, within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the minorities. The official self-description of China is it is a unitary multi-national state.
While Han Chinese make up the vast majority of China's total population, the population distribution is highly uneven with large parts of western China having Han Chinese as a minority. In addition the lumping of most Chinese into the majority Han, obscures some of the large linguistic, cultural, and racial differences between persons within that group.

The multiethnic nature of China results in part by territories incorporated by the Qing dynasty, whose emperors were themselves Manchu and not members of the majority Han. Chinese nationalities theory is heavily influenced by that of the Soviet Union. Official policy is against assimilation and maintains that each ethnic group should have the right to develop its own culture and language.

The degree of integration of minority ethnic groups with the national community varies widely from group to group. With some groups, such as the Tibetans and the Uighurs there is a great deal of resentment against the majority. Other groups such as the Zhuang, Hui Chinese, and ethnic Koreans are well integrated into the national community.

The 56 Ethnic Groups  中国56民族简介英文版

 

Achang ethnic minority 阿昌族
Bai ethnic minority 白族
Blang ethnic minority 布朗族
Bonan ethnic minority 保安族
Bouyei ethnic minority 布依族
Dai ethnic minority 傣族
Daur ethnic minority 达斡尔族
De'ang ethnic minority 德昂族
Dong ethnic minority 侗族
Dongxiang ethnic minority 东乡族
Drung ethnic minority 独龙族
Ewenki ethnic minority 鄂温克族 Gaoshan ethnic minority 高山族
Gelo ethnic minority 仡佬族
Hani ethnic minority 哈尼族
Hezhe ethnic minority 赫哲族
Hui ethnic miniroty 回族
Jing ethnic minority 京族
Jino ethnic minority 基诺族
Jingpo ethnic minority景颇族
Kazak ethnic minority 哈萨克族
Kirgiz ethnic minority 柯尔克孜族
Korean ethnic minority 朝鲜族
Lahu ethnic minority 拉祜族
Lhoba ethnic minority 珞巴族
Li ethnic minority 黎族  
Lisu ethnic minority  傈僳族
Manchu ethnic minority 满族
Maonan ethnic minority 毛南族
Miao ethnic minority 苗族
Moinba ethnic minority 门巴族
Mongolian ethnic minority 蒙古族
Mulam ethnic minority 仫佬族
Naxi ethnic minority 纳西族 Nu ethnic minority 怒族
Oroqen ethnic minority鄂伦春族
Ozbek ethnic minority 乌孜别克族
Pumi ethnic minority 普米族
Qiang ethnic minority 羌族
Russian ethnic minority 俄罗斯族
Salar ethnic minority 撒拉族
She ethnic minority畲族
Shui ethnic minority 水族
Tajik ethnic minority 塔吉克族
Tartar ethnic minority 塔塔尔族 Tibetan ethnic minority 藏族
Tu ethnic minority 土族
Tujia ethnic minority 土家族
Uygur ethnic minority 维吾尔族
Va ethnic minority 佤族
Xibe ethnic minority 锡伯族
Yao ethnic minority 瑶族
Yi ethnic minority 彝族
Yugur ethnic minority裕固族
Zhuang ethnic minority 壮族